The exact cause of dandruff is unknown. There are several factors that contribute to the development of dandruff.
Causes for dandruff
- Yeast plays a vital role in the occurrence of dandruff. Yeast-sensitive people who get dandruff remain better in summer as the UVA light from the sun counteracts with yeast. Their condition worsens in winter because of exposure to cold air and overheated rooms
- Dry skin leads to the development of dandruff very often. Dry skin is a result of cold air and overheated rooms which cause an itchy and flaky skin.
- Oily skin is prone to dandruff. This condition known as seborrheic dermatitis affects many areas of the skin in the body. It affects the backs of the ears, eyebrows, and the sides of the nose, and also the scalp. The symptoms of this condition are red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales on any part of the body.
- Certain skin condition like psoriasis which is a skin condition of fast buildup of dry dead skin cells andeczema which is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin aggravates the conditions of dandruff.
- People suffering from Parkinson’s disease and other neurological diseases are prone to dandruff. Patients recovering from heart attacks and people with weak immune system can have more dandruff than others.
- Dandruff can also be a reaction to hair or skin care products which can irritate the scalp and cause dandruff. Sensitivity to some ingredient in the skin care product, dyes, cosmetic tools like curlers and straighteners, gels and lotions irritate the scalp and create a red itchy scaly scalp.
- Malassezia is a fungus that lives on all healthy scalps without causing any problems. Sometimes its growth becomes uncontrollable and it starts feeding on the oil secreted from the hair follicles. This tends to irritate the scalp and increase the shedding of excessive dead skin cells. These cells mix with the oil from the scalp and turn into white flakes which fall as dandruff.
- Irregular shampooing helps to accumulate dead skin cells which become rough and thick and fall as dandruff.
Quick and easy home remedies for dandruff
Neem is an Indian herb that helps in making an effective anti-dandruff pack. Prepare the pack by mixing together neem juice, coconut milk and coconut oil. Apply the pack on the scalp and hair and wash it after 20 minutes with a mild herbal shampoo.
Fenugreek or methi also helps to reduce the occurrence of dandruff. The anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties of fenugreek help to destroy the white flakes. Make a paste of fenugreek by soaking it overnight in water and then grinding it in the morning. Add apple cider vinegar to the paste and apply it on the scalp. Wash it off with a mild shampoo after 20 minutes.
Aspirin is not a natural remedy for dandruff but is surely a quick remedy to get rid of dandruff. Simply crush a few aspirin tablets in any shampoo. Rub the shampoo in the scalp and wash it after five minutes.
Baking soda can help in getting rid of dandruff. The dead skin cells can be easily eliminated with the alkaline property in baking soda. It controls the oil secretion on the scalp and acts as a good exfoliant. Wash the hair with warm water and then apply the paste made with baking soda and water in the scalp. Massage for a few minutes and then shampoo the hair with a mild shampoo.
Reethaor soap nuts are an age-old Indian remedy to keep the hair long, healthy and prevent scalp problems of any kind including dandruff. Soak reetha overnight in water and then grind them in the morning. Boil the powder in water and strain. Add amla juice or powder and mix well to make a fine paste. Apply the paste on the scalp and wash it with a mild shampoo after half an hour.
Lemon is rich in vitamin C which helps to keep dandruff away. Either squeeze out its juice or rub it directly on the scalp. Leave it for 15 minutes and then rinse it with water.
Aloe Vera gel is found to be very effective in getting rid of dandruff. Simply massage the aloe Vera gel on the scalp and leave it for 30 minutes.Wash with plain water or mild shampoo.