In our entire living, there is plenty many times when we will have eye infections. Our eyes are two most delicate areas in our body and they are constantly open to germs. A small little dust particle can leave you with irritation and pain, so of course the bigger issues are more serious.
Eye infections can happen due to plenty of reasons. Most of them are related to viruses, fungi and bacteria. Patients can have infections in either eye or both the eyes, and they can also have infections in and around the eye. In this article, we will go through all the eye infections and read their accurate treatment.
Types of eye infection with remedies
A sty is like a lump which forms near your eyelid. It usually happens due to bacterium staphylococcus. Chronic inflammation or other bacteria could also be the reason though. The lump gradually builds up and creates a swell. You eyelids pain and tears roll out.
A sty needs proper administration. Dabbing water cotton or a dry cloth will soothe the pain for a while. Consume antibiotics and use the recommended eye drops. These soon become red and burst. Once the poison is out from the area, your eye will start looking normal and you will heal.
Conjunctivitis is a contagious condition, which can lead to a swelling or simply make your eyes red. The swelling can happen due to conjunctiva – a membrane which lines your eyelids. Conjunctivitis happens due to a common virus which is shared from person to person. You can get infected if you look into the eyes of a person who is already infected. It can happen due to any bacteria, fungi, allergy or chemical exposure. Some common symptoms would include blurred vision, excess water in the eyes, eye pain and sensitivity to light.
This is an infection of our cornea. It generally covers the front of our eye. Though the ones who face superficial keratitis have its outermost layer infected. The condition will not leave you with scars after treatment and healing processes. If you have deep keratitis, your deeper corneal layers can be affected. Due to extreme condition you can have scars, but they too with fade away.
Types of keratitis are
- fungal keratitis (due to fungi)
- herpes keratitis (due to the herpes simplex virus)
- bacterial keratitis (due to bacteria)
- photokeratitis (due to intense exposure to UV radiation)
- amoebic keratitis (due to Acanthamoeba)
This needs expert treatment which is why you need to consult a doctor. As soon you see excessive tearing and eye pain, and you feel that it could be keratitis by the look of your eye, you should have a checkup.
Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome
This syndrome is quite similar to conjunctivitis. The main reason behind this is parasites, bacteria, fungi or virus. This can happen in one eye unlike conjunctivitis. You will see swollen lymph nodes and red eye as symptoms. You might also have fever.
This condition can be treated with an antibiotic course. In very rare cases, patients have had to undergo surgery. This is why you are recommended to have a checkup as soon as possible.
This is a very common condition which can happen to us frequently. It is not that harmful to most of us, but fragile people who have weak immune systems can fall sick. When they have cytomegalovirus retinitis, they get their retina inflamed. It is followed with eye disorders and it can get from one eye to another.
There are antiviral medications suggested to people who go through this condition. These are usually given by the chemists, but you could also get a doctor consulted. Though the condition is not that harmful, it cannot be taken casually. Delaying medication for over 6 months can leave you blind!
This is a rare complication which happens after an eye surgery. If you have had a cataract surgery you can go through this condition. It happens due to microorganisms or bacteria, and it leaves your eyeballs inflamed. You might have your eye lids swelled up and have decreased vision. You need an instant doctor’s consultation, as this could get serious.
People who go through this condition get their lacrimal gland inflamed. Water drops out of their eyes continuously and the condition could either be acute or chronic. The acuteness could be due to bacterial or viral infection, though chronic are usually due to noninfectious inflammatory disorders. Pains and swells can follow after the excess water oozes. It is best to get a doctor checkup so that it is treated while it is controllable.
This is another condition which can let you have inflammation, and this time it’s in the follicles of your eyelashes. This usually happens due to overgrowth of bacteria. Though, the uncommon reasons could be infection and seborrheic dermatitis too. They are usually scale like formation which sticks to your skin. Your eyelids might also get itchy and crusty. If you start seeing that you have red and irritated eyelids, and your eyelids start burning, you ought to get it checked up.
How to diagnos eye infection?
Ophthalmologists and optometrists can detect eye infections the best. They can judge from the surface of the eye and tell you the condition. But you need to know the probable symptoms, which makes it easier for you to judge the reason for eye irritation. For example, if there is unlikely discharge from your eye, you could be asked to get tests of chlamydia, herpes simplex, etc.
Symptoms which requires doctor’s assistance
- If you have an eye pain or altered vision.
- If you have redness on the eye or regular discharge.
- If you have continuous eye problems.
- If you have eye problems along with chronic conditions, example diabetes.
- If you feel that the size of your pupil has changed.
- If you have had a recent injury to the eye.
- If you have been treating with self medicated products and it hasn’t worked within 2 days.
- If the condition worsens after treatment.
- If the condition has gone over 48 hours without any difference.
How to prevent eye infection
- If you are around a person who has red eye, don’t touch your eyes before you have washed your hands well.
- Use anti-infective sprays and cleansers for reducing chances of bacterial or viral eye infections. Carry it to work and use whenever possible.
- Wash hands before your contact lenses.
- If there is anyone at home who has detected with eye infection, keep his/her bedding and towels clean and separate from yours.
- Follow and teach children to not touch the eyes without washing hands.
- There should be a proper hygiene maintained for all contact lenses users. This also includes keeping the lenses safe and healthy.
- Lastly, do not avoid eye problems. It happens to be the most sensitive part of your body, which shouldn’t be neglected at all.