Three scientists discovered brain GPS system: Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology

The Nobel Prize was shared between the two researchers based in UK namely Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser. They have successfully discovered about how brain knows where exactly we are placed and can easily have strength of navigation from a particular place to another.

The findings of the well known Nobel prize winning scientists was quite efficient in making the patient suffering from Alzheimer’s realize the reason why those patients cannot have a recognition to their surroundings. This was the fact on which variety of philosophers as well as scientists occupied themselves. But, the discoveries have solved those problems as well.

GPS

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In the year 1971, the well known professor of the University College London, O’Keefe has found out the first part of brain internal positioning system. The professor was totally delighted and thrilled and was totally shocked after he heard about the declaration of Nobel Prize for the achievements. He also said that, as soon as the rat came in the location, the set of nerve cells got activated.

Cognitive revolution – deserving novel prize

When the important element was rat in the experiment, different set of cells became active even when rat stayed in different area.  But, Prof O Keefe argued about the fact that, those cells are located in hippocampus which also displays a great map within the brain area.

A quiet celebration will take place in presence of the professor along with the display of prize money which is quite likely to be used for common good.

Mapping

A team of husband and wife namely May-Britt and Edvard has made a discovery of different brain part which is having its working exactly nautical chart. These grid cells acts as skin to lines of latitude and longitude with the view of brain to judge its navigation as well as distance.  These two team of husband and wife work Norwegian university of science and technology. This is really a great honor to the team of researchers who had helped the team to get success.

Nobel committee statement

According to the statement of Nobel committee, a comprehensive positioning system is displayed through the placement of cells as well as grid. This is probably known as an inner GPS in the brain. But, it is also true that, this particular system is affected by several brain disorders.  This also includes the Alzheimer’s and dementia disease.

It is really important to get a better understanding along with the neural mechanism which also has the partial memory underlying with the same. In order to advance this Endeavour neural mechanism with the spatial memory will be important.

Revolutionary cognitive

For the period of 10 years a researcher named Dr Colin Lever tool initiative to work under Prof O’Keefe’s laboratory with the aim of winning award for his contribution.  He also told BBC that, the most deserving candidate to win the noble prize is none other than him. The research created by him was totally having forward thinking capability. Here, the animals also seem to create a representation of an external world right inside the brain.

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Place cells also have a wonderful capacity of helping about mapping the way throughout the world. But, in humans the cells takes the formation of spatiotemporal scaffold. This also has wonderful capacity of supporting the autobiographical memory. But, even in the year 1971, the world was not ready to take the original report of the place cells. But soon the task of hippocampal spatial created a platform for the grid cells. This is probably a wow news for us.

After the announcement, comments were showered from well known professors and learners. Prof John Stein from the university of Oxford thought this to be a great news. He also remembered the greatness of scoffing in the year 1970 as soon as John was seen to describe the place cells. Along with all controversial ideas, this was liked and appreciated by people.

Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-29504761

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