Infertility is defined as trying to getting pregnant for a period of more than a year without any success. Millions of couples across the world are affected by infertility issues with female infertility being the cause of a one-third of those. It is common knowledge that female infertility is quite difficult to diagnose. Fortunately, there are many treatments available at the country’s best fertility hospital to help couples who face this problem.
Here are a few common reasons for female infertility:
This term means that you may ovulate occasionally or not at all. Ovulation disorder causes infertility in one out of four couples. It is caused due to improper regulation of reproductive hormones by the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus. These include:
PCOS-Polycystic ovulation syndrome
PCOS is responsible for a hormonal imbalance which impacts ovulation. It is known to be the most common cause of female infertility.
Premature Ovarian failure
Due to this disorder the ovary stops producing eggs and reduces the production of oestrogen in women below the age of 40+. This condition is caused by the premature loss of eggs from the ovaries or due to an autoimmune response.
The excess production of prolactin caused a reduction of oestrogen which could lead to infertility. This problem is due to the pituitary gland which may be affected by medications taken for other diseases.
Damaged fallopian tubes
This condition is also known as tubal infertility and can come to light after a fertility test is conducted. When a woman has damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, the sperm is unable to reach the egg as it blocks the passage to the uterus. This damage could be a result of the following:
- Pelvic tuberculosis
- Pelvic inflammatory disease which is an infection of fallopian tubes and the uterus
- An earlier surgery of the abdomen or the pelvis
This condition occurs when the tissue which usually grows in the uterus implants itself in other body zones. In order to remove this extra tissue growth, a surgical procedure is needed. This procedure could cause scarring and then lead to the blocking of fallopian tubes. Endometriosis has an impact on the uterus lining which can disrupt the implantation of the fertilized egg. It can also affect fertility by damaging the egg or sperm.
Cervical or uterine causes
Fertility can be severely impacted due to various uterine and cervical causes. It enhances the chances of a miscarriage and even hampers implantation. These causes include the following:
- Fibroids or tumours are quite common occurrences in the uterus, and they can block the fallopian tubes. This causes infertility. However, there can be an exception to this.
- An abnormally shaped uterus and other abnormalities can prove to be a probable reason for infertility.
- The narrowing of the cervix, known as cervical stenosis can happen due to a damaged or malfunctioning cervix.
At times, the cause of infertility can remain unexplained at times as there could be various factors that both partners are responsible for. It becomes quite frustrating since the reason is unknown but time can be a healer in this case. However, one should begin the treatment for infertility at the earliest possible.