Birth controlpills are medications to prevent pregnancy. These pills are also known as oral contraceptive pills Oral Contraceptives may be the combination of the hormones estrogen and progestin or may have progestin alone. They help in preventing pregnancy by inhibiting the release of hormones from the pituitary glands in the brain.
The birth control pills are used to restrict a lady from conceiving. Getting own child in your lap is really a very cheerful moment. But, there are many factors which restricts individuals from getting pregnant. Some couples are just at the peak of their profession and does not wish to get an additional responsibility suddenly. Another group of married couples are not financially sound to take up a life and getting him in endangered condition. Since they wish to give their child the best of everything, they think of postponing his arrival on earth. While choosing birth control pills you need to check and find out the best one which has less side effects.
Types of birth control pills
There are different types of birth control pills are referred to as “monophasic,” “biphasic,” or “triphasic.”
Mini pills—Mini pills known as monophasic contain only the progestin hormone. It is normally prescribed for women who are breast feeding or for women who cannot tolerate the effects of estrogen. They prevent the sperm to reach the egg by thickening the lining of the uterus. The pills prevent the release of the egg when taken daily. They are less effective than standard birth control pills.
Pros and cons of the minipill
- Mini pills can be taken if one has health problems, like a high risk of heart disease, blood clots, migraines or high blood pressure
- It can be used during breast-feeding
- It offers a quick return to fertility when pregnancy is wanted.
- There is no protection against sexually transmitted infections
- It is less effective than combination birth control pills
- It must be taken at the same time every day.
- The side effects include irregular menstrual bleeding, ovarian cysts, , headache, breast tenderness, acne, weight gain and depression
- There is a slightly increased risk that the pregnancy occurs it will be ectopic which means the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus
Multiphase pills are also known as biphasic, triphasica and quadraphasic. They are a combination of both the hormones estrogen and progestin. They are tricky to take. They depend on the phases in the cycle. Most multi- phase pill cycles have seven hormone free days .They thicken the cervical mucus and the thin wall of the uterus and suppress ovulation in most cycles—preventing the ovaries from releasing the egg.
Pros and cons of multiphase pills
- The risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers is decreased.
- There is improvement in acne
- Severe menstrual cramps are reduced.
- Prevents possible risk hip fracture after menopause.
- Heavy bleeding is reduced and also helps in related anemia
- It does not provide any protection against sexually transmitted infections
- There are Increased risk of blood clots, heart attack and stroke
- Side effects like irregular bleeding, bloating, , nausea and headache, breast tenderness
How pills effect?
Any birth control pill stops ovulation, so that the walls of the uterus do not thickenand there is no egg to shed. The reproductive system of each woman is different and each one may have a different experience with the different types of oral contraceptives.
Side effects of birth control pills
Some common side effects include light bleeding or spotting between periods, nausea, tender breasts and weight gain. Most of the unwanted go away on their own .Hence doctors advise to continue the pills for three to six months before giving it up because of the side effects.
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- Combination pills are not suitable for women who have some cardiovascular t problems like stroke, blood clots or who have had liver or breast cancer.
- Oral contraceptives can interfere with antibiotics, seizure and HIV medications
Birth control pills are prescribed for
- These pills are commonly prescribed to prevent pregnancy.
- They are also prescribed to treat pain which some women experience during the mid-cycle.
- Birth control pills help in regulating the menstrual cycle.
- It also helps in reducing menstrual cramps and heavy bleeding.
- The pills help in preventing anemia that occurs with heavy bleeding in some women.
- Sometimes it is also prescribed in a higher dose as a morning after pill. This is to be taken 72 hours after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy.
The bottom line is that there are many options for birth control. One must choose the right type of birth control pill in consultation with the doctor and the one that suits one’s body.
Top best birth control pills with few side effects
Conventional birth control pills
There are various types of birth control pills starting from the conventional to the present days’ spills. The category has 21 active pills and the 7 variety of inactive pills. The composition will be different in some other types of birth control pills. The 24 active and 4 inactive is another category. If you want to retain the periodic cycle if inactive pills are taken.
It is another category of birth control pills where you have only the active pills. But the active pills that can be consumed by women have the same quantity of progestin and estrogen. Before consuming these pills, it is important to take advice from a doctor.
Low dose pills
Some ladies are really prone to the side effects after consumption of the birth control pill. After viewing the nature of their physical health, the expert doctor suggests the low dose pills. The combination pills that contains 50 microgram of the drug known as ethinyl estradiol can be termed as the low dose birth control pills.
It is important to speak to your physician or a gynecologist before getting a pill for birth control. They are aware of the right type of pills that will suite your physic. He/she will ask your medical history after which proper dosage of right medicine can be provided.