The life of the family changes considerably after the birth of the first child in the family. There are no set rules or timings to get the second pregnancy. It all depends on the time, work schedule, energy and financial condition of an individual person and close family. The couple must be mentally prepared to face the extra burden of the other child. The health of the mother must be good enough to go through the pregnancy.
It is quite natural for a woman not to get back her menstrual cycle for several weeks just after giving birth to a baby. Some women also show some abnormalities when they do not return to menstrual cycle for years. Thus, the confusion arises among ladies about the time the women will get pregnant once again. If some woman wishes to place some gap between two children, they can use contraceptive pills. There is much information in various websites that provides information about birth control and fertility period.
What is family planning?
Spacing of kids is an important part of family planning. There are several factors that need to be understood before going in for the next pregnancy. There are different health problems faced by the baby and the mother by spacing babies too close or far apart in their life.
What are the risks of having close pregnancies?
- Pregnancy occurring within twelve months after childbirth can lead to the risks of—
- There is the danger of placenta disruption in which the placenta is completely peeled away from the walls of the uterus.
- In cases of caesarean for the first baby a close pregnancy can create problems
- There are high chances Autism in the second baby.
- There is a high risk of having a premature delivery and low birth weight baby if the gap between two pregnancies is too less.
- Close pregnancies do not give time for the mother to recover from the physical and mental stress of the first pregnancy.
- The inflammation of the genital tract does not get enough time to heal before the second pregnancy.
What are risks involved in space pregnancies too far apart?
Long gaps between pregnancies are a source of concern and worry for the mothers and the previous child. There is an increased risk of high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine of mothers having a pregnancy after five years of the first child. There is also the risk of having a premature delivery or low birth weight baby.
Some experts believe that the mother‘s uterine capacity improves after the first pregnancy, but as the time passes the bodily changes that were beneficial to the growth of the baby disappear.
Facts about pregnancy and ovulation
When a lady regains the period when she can ovulate once again, it is quite easy for her to plan for another baby. But, there are variations among different women about the period when they start ovulating again. The different lady have a different tenure of starting ovulating just after delivering a child. There are various factors that are dependent upon getting back her ovulation period once again. Her genes, nutritional factors, the breast feeding of baby are the factors on which time of starting ovulation period starts once again. Since, just 14 days before the return of first period ovulation takes place, as soon as the lady starts getting menstrual cycle, getting pregnant is possible. Women can return to her menstrual cycle from weeks to a year. It will be quite risky for anyone to go ahead with wild guesses when a woman is uncertain about returning to her menstrual cycle.
Relating breastfeeding with contraceptives
Many people have regarded the act of breastfeeding as contraceptives. This is the time when the parents used to practice family planning in a natural way. But, there are situations when unintended pregnancy occurred even after breast feeding. Thus, the breastfeeding as a technique of birth control had gained a bad reputation among the people. There are many couples who have a misconception about the relation of breastfeeding with pregnancy. They think that, as soon as the lady is breastfeeding, it is impossible for her to be pregnant.
Time of using contraceptives
Most effective way of birth control is avoiding sex. As soon as you start having sex again after delivering a baby, there is a chance of getting pregnant again. You can start using contraceptive for birth control as soon as you start having sex after child’s birth.
LAM or Lactational Amenorrhea method
There was good research about women, according to the international consensus meeting in Italy. This method is really effective, but some criteria need to be fulfilled. The lady who has recently become a mother has not seen her menstrual cycle. Breast feeding is very essential and effective for a new born baby. If a mother is feeding her child with her breast milk wholly, there might be a chance that she does not get pregnant during that period. It is good to feed your child with something else occasionally, but substituting breast milk entirely is not at all a good idea. Baby must fulfill all his nutritional needs during the breastfeeding period.
What is the best time to have the second baby?
Spacing the birth of the second baby lies in the hands of the parents. There are no generalized rules for it as it is different for different individuals. Some mothers think the older the first kid is the easier is the next pregnancy. The previous child becomes independent and does not require much care. The parents have enough time to devote in binging up the second baby. While other families are of the opinion that small age gaps between is two children makes it easier to nurture both the children and then be free to engage one’s self in other activities.
Several studies have concluded that the vast gap between two kids should be two years. This period gives time for the mother’s body to recover from the losses in the previous delivery.
The parents should decide together to have another child after making sure that they financially, mentally and physically prepared for the next baby.
Working hours and work situation have to consider before having another baby. Mothers often find it difficult to work after the birth of the second child.
Does the age of the mother affect second pregnancy?
After the age of 38 it is not right to give large gaps between two pregnancies. Women below the age of 30 and with no health problems have the flexibility to give gap before conceiving the second time. Though there is no restriction on getting pregnant after the age of 40.
How does spacing between two pregnancies affect the children?
Spacing of pregnancy can affect the life of the children; Children born with less than two years on gap face more problems than children with large age gaps. Again, there is no hard and fast rule to spacing of children. It is just a personal decision taken together by the parents. Sometimes even after planning not to have a baby conception takes place. It is right to take the decision after understanding the pros and cons of having close pregnancies and far apart pregnancies.
Measures to take to mothers after giving birth
Immediately after giving birth
The most important thing a couple has to do is to take care of newborn baby and themselves. Mother needs time to heal and a baby needs love and affection. This initial time should be spent by resting and nourishing a mother’s body with lots of water and nutritious food. Doctors and nurses will take care while in hospital. But, after returning home, a good support is ideal for care.
Diet is also very important as soon as you give birth to your first child. Maintain a correct diet that includes more nutrition’s. Nutrition is important in the postpartum time frame. A woman needs to nourish her body that can heal itself and create a good milk supply. A woman needs approximately 300 extra calories per day to meet the added nutritional requirements to produce milk for the baby. The postpartum time period is not the time to focus on losing weight. A woman needs time to enjoy the moment and concentrate on her new baby.
Exercise and fitness
Walking and lifting new baby will be about all a woman that can handle during the first several weeks. If a woman was exceptionally fit, then there is a need to do before and during pregnancy. She may be able to return to exercising sooner. It is important to remember the mother’s body has just gone through tremendous experience and needs time to heal. So, additionally, if a woman had a C-section, the recovery period will take longer time. It has an activity that will be more restricted. It is best and most important that women who have a vaginal birth can return to exercise in four to six weeks.
If you don’t want another baby, then take contraceptives
It is very important that parents should take a decision on having another baby or not. A woman can become pregnant at any time after giving birth. A couple is not wanting to become pregnant again that needs to discuss birth control options with their physician. There is a host of safe and effective options that are available even while the woman is nursing. Parents should educate themselves about the available choices to choose what the best for family is. If one couple feels pressured to have another child, physicians have information about support groups and have other resources that may be available.