Women have to go through many tests during the pregnancy period. While going through the blood tests to confirm her pregnancy, many women also find thyroid problem. If you are planning for a child, you must diagnose yourself and find out whether you have a thyroid. Even many women conceive a baby even after knowing thyroid problem in her. You must go through a treatment procedure to cure thyroid before planning for a baby.
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What is thyroid?
Thyroid is a 2 inch long butterfly shaped gland weighing less than 1 ounce. It is located in the front of the neck that is below the larynx. It has two lobes, one on either side of the windpipe. It makes up the endocrine system. The glands of the endocrine system release hormones into the bloodstream. The after hormones travel through the body and direct the activity of the body’s cells. Thyroid hormone production is regulated by thyroid stimulating hormone that is made by the pituitary gland in the brain. The pituitary releases more thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), when thyroid hormone levels in the blood are low. The pituitary responds by decreasing TSH production, when thyroid hormone levels are high.
What are the symptoms of thyroid disorder?
- A type of thyroid disorder that takes place when the production of thyroids slows down is known as hypothyroidism. As a result, levels of other hormones in an individual’s body also drop down. Some of the important symptoms of hypothyroidism are:
- Weakness in muscles
- Water retention
- Trouble in sleeping
- Weight gain
- Weight loss, etc.
- Gaining weight during pregnancy is a natural phenomenon. But, some ladies gain weight due to thyroid. Some ladies also drop their weight during the pregnancy period. The reason behind it is known as hypothyroidism. It is important to go through the thyroid test regularly, if she is really gaining weight. Gaining weight continues at a fast pace is an important symptom of thyroid.
- Having thyroid and having hyperthyroidism is different. If your thyroid gland is overactive, it means that you are suffering from hyperthyroidism. This has many negative effects on individuals such as intolerance of heat, weight loss etc. If a lady goes through this condition during her pregnancy, it will be dangerous for both mother and baby.
Morning sickness in extremities
If a lady is having thyroid as well as hyperthyroidism suffers from excessive morning sickness. The hormones are sent by the brain to the thyroid which is quite similar to that of pregnancy hormones. Since too many TSH is sent to thyroid glands, which are working properly, there is a possibility of the brain getting overload. If women are already going through this condition, she must not plan to get pregnant. A pregnant lady with such complication must also sustain the pregnancy hormones. If the woman try and handle everything together, she might fall sick.
According to some doctors, due to overloads of hormones in the body of a lady, morning sickness takes place. If she has a problem of the thyroid, the situation will be exaggerated.
How risky is thyroid during pregnancy?
Pregnant women will definitely face trouble during her motherhood if thyroid problems remain untreated. This can even lead to miscarriage. A pregnant lady suffering from hypothyroidism is likely to preterm labor. If a lady is suffering from hyperthyroidism, she has a high risk of giving birth to an underweight baby. Other possibilities are preeclampsia and still birth.
Women must stop taking many medicines during the pregnancy period or else it can harm the child. But, medication of thyroid is different. Either synthetic or natural hormones are used to treat thyroid in a pregnant lady. It is important to carry on with thyroid medication throughout the pregnancy period.
Pregnancy thyroid treatment
Women require treatment for hyperthyroidism, which is an anti-thyroid medication that helps in the production of thyroid hormones is used. Propylthiouracil (PTU) is usually suggested medication for the first trimester and methimazole can also be preferred. But in rare cases, these medications lead to side effects like therapies, surgery to remove part of the thyroid. It is suggested to consult your doctor for medication and its dose.
Hypothyroid is treated with a synthetic hormone called levothyroxine that is similar to the hormone T4 made by the thyroid. Doctor will suggest you dose by diagnosing pregnancy and need to monitor your thyroid function tests for every 4 – 6 weeks. Levothyroxine can be increase increased during pregnancy to accommodate the increase in thyroid hormone replacement requirement. The prenatal vitamins may block the absorption of thyroid hormone in your body because the iron and calcium that you take should take levothroxine within 3 – 4 hours.
Eat, diet, and nutrition
The body may undergo several changes during pregnancy. And it requires higher amounts of nutrients to support the health of the mother in growing baby. It is recommended that pregnant women maintain a balanced diet and take a prenatal multivitamin and mineral supplement that contain iodine. It helps to receive nutrients that are most necessary for thyroid health. So, take good diet and insert food that are rich in nutrition.
[ Hindi version ]