Much more changes will be viewed in the body of a pregnant lady once she completes her first trimester and steps in to the second trimester. You must have faced the changes such as nausea, vomiting tendency in the first trimester of the pregnancy. But, in the second trimester these tendencies will be reduced. The pregnant lady would probably get more energy in the second trimester of her pregnancy period. This is the time when she will be really energetic to deal with various tasks associated with the welcoming of the new born baby.
[ Hindi version ]
Popular changes seen in almost all individuals during the second trimester of the pregnancy period is weight gain. As the baby starts growing right from the day one of second trimester, automatically mother also gains weight. This is the time when you will need the maternity clothes.
It is really a cheerful moment to feel the movement of your baby inside your womb. This can be felt either in the first phase of the second trimester or that of the middle. It is true that you baby was moving from the first trimester itself but you hardly have an idea about the same. You will only feel the movement during the second trimester.
Changes in breast
You must have experienced many changes in your breasts during your first trimester of pregnancy. You must have felt increase in breast size, tenderness as well as swollen appearance of your breast. But, in the second trimester you may not feel all these. Rather the tenderness as well as swollen appearance will come to an end in the second trimester. But, the enlargement and growth of breast will increase as the body is making her prepare for feeding the new born baby.
It is quite a noticeable fact that the skin that is placed around the nipples becomes black in color. Also the small bumps around the breast can be seen visibly. These bumps are really necessary as they are the oily glands which will prevent the milk inside the breast from drying. You may also see some leakage of yellowish fluid from your breast which is called as colostrums.
It will be quite easy to see the stretch marks in various body organs of the lady such as belly, breast etc. Since the fibers inside your skin are highly elastic, it will be quite likely to tear. Some ladies are really tensed about the stretch marks in their body which might also stay long after their delivery. But, there is also an appropriate way of preventing the stretch marks. If you can slowly rub the essential oil such as olive oil, aloe Vera oil, almond oil, coconut oil etc in over the breast, belly and other parts of the body where stretch marks can appear, you can easily avoid the stretch mark from the vital parts of your body during the pregnancy period and also long after the pregnancy. You can also get the names of some lotions from your doctor that is especially made for the stretch marks.
Other skin changes
You will also go through variety of changes in your skin such as itchiness in belly with dryness; a distinct dark line in the middle of the belly that stretches from the naval till the public hair can be some of the distinct changes. Apart from this, you can also experience itchiness in palms, increase sensitivity to sun, dark patches of skin on the face. You don’t need to worry about these changes as these would eradicate after your delivery.
Interest in sex
Some ladies also have a question about whether their interest in sex would be maintained during the pregnancy period or after the delivery. This fact may differ from one lady to another. Some ladies who face low energy, morning sickness and even mood swings will find uneasy to develop interest in sex. But in case of another group of women, desire of having sex would come back after the second trimester of pregnancy.
Pain and puffiness
Other changes in a pregnant lady include swelling in hand and faces with puffiness and pains in legs and other parts of the body.
Swelling feet and ankles during pregnancy should be gone when you get up in the morning. If it does not decrease with rest, talk with your healthcare provider. Some women fell as though they have a constant cold with nasal congestion. In some women report that their nausea lessens, because they have more energy and the pressure on their bladder decreases. The chances of having a miscarriage are also very small, once you’re through your first trimester.
Lower back pain
Lower back pain during pregnancy can maintain good posture while sitting or standing. Treat your lower back pain by pulling in stomach muscles, tighten buttocks, and tuck in your seat. Sit in straight backed chairs and wear low heeled shoes and sleep on your left side with a pillow under your upper leg for support. Try to avoid lifting or moving heavy items.
Shortness of breath
Mundane activities like walking to the bathroom might make you feel out of breath. As the uterus grows, it crowds the lungs, making it a little harder for air to flow in and out. Breathlessness becomes more severe during second trimester cycle.
Bladder and kidney infections
Hormonal changes slow the flow of urine, and expanding uterus might get in the way that increases the risk of bladder and kidney infections. Consult your doctor, if you notice pain when you urinate or you have a fever or backache. Left untreated, urinary infections increase the risk of pregnancy complications.
About half of pregnant women develop swollen, tender gums. Hormone changes send more blood to your gums, making them more sensitive and causing them to bleed more easily. Your gims should go back to normal after your baby is born. It is better to use a softer toothbrush and be gentle when you floss, but don’t skimp on dental hygiene. Pregnant women with gum disease may be more likely to go into premature labor and deliver a low birth weight baby.
Drink plenty of water and talk to your doctor, it could be caused by your iron supplement. Eat food that is rich in fiber foods that makes you physically active. Do bowl movement when you feel the urge and don’t hold back or force. Don’t use suppositories, mineral oil, laxatives unless recommended by a doctor.
[ Hindi version ]