What is heartburn during pregnancy? What foods that causes it? Best ways to deal with it

During the pregnancy period, many women experience the problem of heart burn for the first time. But, there is nothing to worry as it is very harmless and quite common in people. But, the problem lies with the comfort level. People facing such problem will feel uncomfortable. A burning sensation is felt that extends from the place of breast bone to that of the lower throat when the individual suffers from heartburn. There will be some physical as well as hormonal changes in the body of a pregnant lady during such situation.

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Even during the period of pregnancy, the hormone progesterone is produced by the placenta that helps in relaxing and providing a smoothness of the uterus. The hormone is equally important in relaxing the valve and separating the esophagus from the stomach. This will produce a gastric acid and an unpleasant burning sensation. Digestion becomes sluggish that is affected by the wave like contraction in the esophagus, which will make your growing baby crowds with the abdominal problem.

In the second half of the pregnancy, the pregnant lady suffers from various types of gastrointestinal discomfort. This also includes the heartburn.

List of foods that cause heartburn during pregnancy

You must avoid certain food during the pregnancy period if you have a problem of heartburn. After 20 weeks of pregnancy, stomach enlarges. The fruits like orange help in resuming the benefits of folic acid. Some of the food that causes heartburn includes:

Coffee and soda

If you are consuming a caffeinated beverage, it gives rise to heart burn in plenty. It is better to consume a food that makes your stomach fuller rather than soda or caffeinated drinks. It is better to avoid soda during the pregnancy period.


Chocolate is such a food item which is liked by maximum of ladies. But, this can also be a reason behind heartburn when you are going through the stages of pregnancy. Since during pregnancy, women would like to consume chocolate, it is quite better to consume chocolate but that too in small quantity. You will get the taste of chocolate and also have a control over the food quantity. A small cone of chocolate bar can be broken and consumed.


Some ladies have a habit of consuming alcohol. If you too have the same habit, it will be better to avoid or shop the habit during the pregnancy period. This is one of the crucial reasons why people suffer from heartburn during the pregnancy period.

Food rich in fat

Doctors suggest the family members of the pregnant lady to have enough of healthy food so that both the mother as well as the child remains healthy and happy. You can consume a good fat such as butter, ghee, Omega 3 fatty acids as well as omega 6 fatty acids. But, saturated fats such as fried as well as junk food must be avoided.


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Best ways to deal with heartburn

You might not be in a state to eradicate heart burn completely. But, there are some easy steps through which this can be minimized. Some of the ways are as follows:

  • You must not consume large meals, instead consume small portion of meals throughout the day in every hour. This will keep your stomach full and also will help in staying healthy and comfortable during the pregnancy period.
  • You can try out consuming the chewing gum just after completing your meal as the chewing gum has a great stimulation of the saliva glands and this will help in making the acid neutralized.
  • You must have an appropriate weight, not too much and not too less. Regular exercise that is done during the pregnancy period can be allocated during this period
  • Stop smoking if you have a habit of carrying on with the same before the pregnancy period. Smoking is the reason behind boosting the stomach acidity.
  • Eat each meal and do several activities. Do not sleep when you are in full stomach. This will disrupt your capacity of digestion for a long time. It is better to consume a meal around 2 to 3 hours before sleeping completely.

Best ways to deal with heartburn during pregnancy

Citrus foods

Foods that are rich in Vitamin C can cause heartburn during pregnancy. Food like oranges, tomatoes, grapefruits can all bring on that burning sensation after meals. But, you eat tomatoes on a turkey sandwich instead of salad. Try low acid orange juice after you’ve had your morning cereal.

Eat healthy food

You are more likely to get indigestion, if you feel full. Regularly, eat large amounts of food that may make your symptoms worse. If you are pregnant, it can be tempting to eat more than you would normally eat. But this may not be good for you or your baby. You don’t need to eat for two. But, maintain a special diet that includes a variety of different foods every day to get the right balance of nutrients that you and your baby need. Eat a healthy diet in pregnancy and try to avoid foods that are rich in fat.

Change your eating habits

It is better to control your indigestion by making changes to the way you eat. It helps you a lot and eats smaller meals more frequently, rather than larger meals three times a day. Try to avoid eating three hours of going to bed at night. While eating, sit straight because this will take the pressure of your stomach.

Prop your head up

Use a couple of pillows to prop your head and shoulders up, or raise the head of your bed by a few inches by putting something underneath the mattress. This slight slope should help you prevent stomach acid from moving up into your oesophagus while you sleep.


Antacids may quell your heartburn symptoms. It contains calcium or magnesium that should be safe to take during pregnancy. The extra calcium in antacids like Tums is good for mother and baby. It is better to avoid antacids that contain aluminum because it can cause constipation and be toxic at high doses. Steer clear of sodium bicarbonate as well as it can cause swelling.


Ginger can help ease an upset tummy. This spice can also combat nausea and vomiting, which often go hand in hand with heartburn. Ginger is the best remedy for pregnancy woes, and it is safe to consume when you are pregnant.

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