Care to be taken during pregnancy for first trimester / first 3 months

The first trimester pregnancy brings invisible and amazing changes in a woman’s body. The hormones trigger to nourish the baby even before any test can confirm pregnancy. The physical and emotional changes in the first trimester help to face the advanced stage of pregnancy with confidence.

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Common Physical Problems during the first trimester of pregnancy and their cure

Morning sickness

It can strike any time during the night or day begins within three weeks of conception. Nausea comes with the rising levels of estrogen and progesterone which is the cause of the stomach getting empty slowly. Pregnant women often have a heightened sense of smell to certain things like food preparation, perfumes or smoking. This can be also the cause of waves of nausea during the early part of pregnancy.

Nausea can be relieved by eating small meals frequently. Foods that are low in fat and easy to digest are helpful to avoid nausea. Foods with strong smell must be avoided. It is helpful to drink lots of water and other liquids. Ginger ale is a good drink to get over the nausea. A doctor must be consulted if the nausea is very severe or if the urine is of dark color, or one feels dizzy on standing up or when one vomits blood.

Tender, swollen breasts

Start soon after conception due to many hormonal changes. The breasts seem tender, swollen or sore and also heavy and full. A correct size supportive bra will provide help in this condition.

Increased urination

It is a common problem in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is caused by the pressure on the bladder by the enlarging uterus. This can also cause leakage of urine while laughing, sneezing and coughing. It is better to cut down on caffeine during the night to reduce urination at night. Panty liners can be used to avoid the embarrassment of leakage of urine in public.

Fatigue

This is higher in rank during the first trimester of pregnancy. Fatigue can be overcome by taking as much rest as possible. Foods rich in iron and protein must be included in the diet. Some physical activity like brisk walk must become a part of the daily routine.

Food aversions or cravings

They are very common in the beginning of pregnancy. Food preferences are highest in the first three months as this the time when hormonal changes are most dramatic. Best is to stay away from foods that create problems.

Dizziness

This caused during pregnancy because the blood vessels get dilated and blood pressure drops. Rest is the best way to avoid the mild and occiks accasional bouts of dizziness. A doctor must be consulted if dizziness is severe and is accompanied with pain in the abdomen and vaginal bleeding. This can sometimes happen when the fertilized egg gets implanted outside the uterus, which may require immediate removal of the tissue.

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Heartburn and constipation

This is commonly experienced by most women during the first trimester. This is caused by the slow movement of the food through the digestive system. The food takes more time to be absorbed by the blood stream and reach the baby. Constipation can be caused by this process. Heartburn is caused when the stomach acids leak into the esophagus.

Heartburn can be prevented by eating small meals at frequent intervals. Fried foods, carbonated drinks, citrus fruits and juices and spicy foods must be avoided to prevent heartburn. Constipation can be relieved by increasing fiber foods and drinking plenty of liquids. Regular physical activities will also help with constipation.

Common Emotional changes in the first trimester of pregnancy

Emotions

Pregnancy can make a woman delighted, anxious and exhausted. There can be an emotional stress in life. There are worries of the health of the baby, adjustment to motherhood and financial problems in bringing up the baby. A working woman will face the stress of how to continue the job and bring a balance between bringing up the baby, looking after the house and doing justice to the job.

Relationship with partner

Intimacy with the partner seems to take a back seat. But good communication can help to keep the intimacy alive. Honest discussion of problems with the partner will help in coming to solutions before things get more problematic. It is healthier to share doubts and worries with the partner and plan for the changes in the lifestyle after the arrival of the baby.

Manage your stress levels

Most of the pregnant women worry about what you’re eating, and the health of the baby. Your life is changing and many other things while pregnant. If you feel stress and anxiety is consuming you with your daily life, it is important to take action to deal with it. A high level of stress during pregnancy can increase the odds of preterm labor or a low birth weight baby.

Manage your stress levels at work and at home. Make slowing down a priority, and start asking your family, partner, and friends to help you. Stop trying to do everything on your own. Practice some relaxation techniques and take deep breathing exercises, yoga or stretching.

Tips during first trimester of pregnancy

  • Get the required amount of calories from all food that you eat, but not fat. Include a variety of foods in the diet such as whole grains, pulses, legumes, and nuts. Also consume meat, poultry, eggs, and fish that are rich in protein.
  • Make sure that calcium in your diet. Milk and some other products are rich in calcium. You have to take a 600ml of milk or any milk products every day for the calcium content.
  • Vitamin D is another important food that should present in your diet. Egg yolks, herring, sardines, salmon, fish liver oil, tuna are great sources of Vitamin D.
  • Omega – 3 fatty acid helps to develop your baby’s brain. So, increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids. It also helps to improve nerve and eye.
  • Take iron and folic acid supplements during pre-conception and early pregnancy phase. It supports during early pregnancy because this is when the fetus develops spine and nerve cells.
  • Regular exercise helps to ease or prevent back pain, boost your energy, build stamina. It also helps you prepare for the physical changes of labor and delivery.
  • Increase your intake of fluids. Blood volume needs to increase during pregnancy to facilitate oxygen and nutrient delivery to both mother and baby.
  • Hormonal changes make you feel, get lots of sleep. So make it a point to get a few naps whenever possible.
  • Decrease the consumption of caffeine that increases the risk of miscarriage.

Hindi version ]

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