Up to 25% of pregnancies are ending in miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion now a day. This is termed as natural termination of a pregnancy during the first 20 weeks of gestation. This happens due to many reasons and these reasons changes from women to women. Some of the reasons for a woman to experience a miscarriage are natural and unavoidable, such as advanced maternal age, a biological error in implantation or development, or hormonal imbalances. Other than these causes are may be preventable or environmental, but these will end in the same result: the premature end of the pregnancy. Some pregnancies may end in a miscarriage very soon, even before the woman knows she is pregnant. For women who are in their pregnancy period must know the signs and symptoms of a miscarriage.Several types of miscarriages are there, some of which exhibit the signs below and some of which may not. Women experiencing any of these following symptoms should seek the attention of a health professional.
Symptoms of miscarriage
- Back pain
- White-pink mucus
- Passing tissue or clot like material
- Mild to severe cramps
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms like nausea or vomiting
- Abdominal pain
Causes of Miscarriage
- Maternal trauma like car accident
- Drug usage like excess drinking
- Advanced maternal age
- Chronic illnesses like uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid, or lupus diseases
- Advanced maternal age
- Listeria, bacteria that may be present in undercooked meats, raw eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products.
- Infections like Lyme disease or fifth disease
[ Hindi version ]
1. Care when unusual vaginal discharge found
Warning signs of miscarriage are different for different women. It is not necessary that every woman will experience the same type of vaginal discharge during a miscarriage. Furthermore, this vaginal discharge may not be a sign of miscarriage for some women and some women may bleed or may have unusual discharge early in pregnancy still have a healthy, full-term pregnancy. So these symptoms do not necessarily indicate a miscarriage has taken place. To avoid risk factors a medical examination is the best solution to clarify whether a miscarriage or any other circumstance caused the discharge.
Various types of vaginal discharge are;-
- Large amount of fluid or the discharge of a worrisome amount of light pink mucus, released suddenly may indicate a miscarriage.
- Brown or red blood spotting may indicate a miscarriage. Sometimes bleeding can be more.
- Presence of any clumps of tissue in the discharge which may appear as thick, clotted blood or as a lighter pink or gray material may indicate a miscarriage.
2. Give attention to significant physical, localized pain in the back or abdomen
Sometimes severe back pain which is worse than during menstruation was experienced by women. This can happen before or during a miscarriage. If you find any painful cramps in the lower abdomen, care must be taken because it may indicate that the woman’s body is about to expel the fetus. In some cases, these symptoms may cause difficulty in breathing, which should also be taken as a possible symptom of a miscarriage. Severe pain in these areas, particularly if it is abnormal for the individual experiencing them, may be a sign of a miscarriage and must be addressed properly.
3. Notice the time between painful contractions
True contractions occur just as they would prior to childbirth and they are often very painful and occur approximately every 5 to 20 minutes. But when they occur very early in the pregnancy, they may indicate an imminent miscarriage. Contractions of this severity and frequency may indicate miscarriage and however, in some cases, such as premature labor can be prevented at a hospital, allowing the pregnancy to continue.
4. Be aware if there is a reduction in the symptoms of pregnancy
The disappearance or reversal of pregnancy indicators, such as through weight loss, may indicate that the pregnancy has ended in a miscarriage and must be reported properly.
Cramping with spotting is the one sign of an early miscarriage. But some women won’t feel they are pregnant as their pregnancy hormones start to wane. They may notice less breast tenderness or resolving nausea, for instance.
The most common symptoms of miscarriage are cramping, spotting and decrease in pregnancy symptoms. Cramping and spotting occur in the most first trimester that having common symptoms like breast tenderness and morning sickness. It resolves up to 13 weeks, without a miscarriage occurring. It was better to concern your doctor at that time.
Pain with bleeding may also one of the symptoms of miscarriage. The pain may be at abdomen, pelvic area, or lower back. It can range from aching to period like cramping. It is difficult to identify if the pain is normal, as round ligament and even cramps which is common during early pregnancy. At that time your body expands for the growing uterus.
7. Decreased activity of the baby
Miscarriages occur during the first trimester, but signs of a loss later on in the pregnancy that it may differ from person to person. It is the primary way to determine your baby’s health that is staying attentive to her activity. If all of sudden or drastic decrease in her activity is let your doctor know and can determine if further testing is necessary.
Tips for pregnant women
- It is difficult to determine if a miscarriage took place, for women who did not have a confirmed pregnancy.
- If the pregnancy test is positive, then another home pregnancy test can try to confirm whether a miscarriage actually took place. If the test is negative or difficult to read, a further assistance must be taken.
- It is natural to feel a sense of sadness or loss after experiencing a miscarriage and hence health care providers, family, friends, and religious organizations can help with the healing process
- Maintain a balanced diet and consult a healthcare professional when trying to become pregnant and throughout the pregnancy, to help prevent miscarriages. If previous pregnancies have ended in miscarriage, seek medical advice.
A miscarriage can be diagnosed and tested by performing a pelvic exam, an ultrasound test and blood work. You can notice the uterus is empty if the miscarriage is complete.
[ Hindi version ]
What is early miscarriage?
An early miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy that takes place in the first 12 weeks. Early miscarriages are very common and sometimes they happen even before the woman realises that she is pregnant. Miscarriage at any stage of pregnancy comes as a shock.
What are the cause’s early miscarriage?
Early miscarriages usually take place when the embryo does not develop in the normal way. The normal development of pregnancyis that the baby needs equal number of chromosomes from both the parents. Chromosome problems canprevent a baby from developing.. These abnormalities may happen when there are too many chromosomes or not enough chromosomes.. Insuch cases, the pregnancy will come to an end at the embryo stage. Maximum
What are the early signs and symptoms of miscarriage?
The first most common signof miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. The bleeding may be slight or heavy with clots. It may continue for a few days and the colour of the blood is brighter red than brownish. But there can be bleeding which may just disappear and pregnancy may carry on. . This is called a threatened miscarriage. Bleeding is very common in the first trimester pregnancy. Doctor must be consulted if there is any type of bleeding if pregnancy is suspected or confirmed.
Cramping accompanied with bleeding is a sure sign of miscarriage. But there is cramping without bleeding which may be the result of the uterus expanding.Cramps or contractions thatgradually becomestronger may be a sign of warning for a miscarriage.
Change in the symptoms of pregnancy
There can be noticeable changes in the signs of pregnancy like feeling sick and breast tenderness. If some such abrupt changes are felt by the woman before the second semester, it may be due to a decrease in pregnancy hormones or may be a warning of miscarriage. A doctor needs to be consulted.
Pain associated with other symptoms like bleeding, and cramping isthemajor symptom of a miscarriage. The pain may be in the abdomen, pelvic area, or lower back, and can be dull to severe. This can also be due to the expanding of the body and growing of the uterus.
Decreased activity of the baby
Maximum miscarriages occur during the first trimester, but signs of miscarriage in the later stage of pregnancy may be different. There can be sudden decrease of the activity of the baby in the womb. Doctor can examine the safety or danger of the pregnancy.
It is a rare case in which the pregnancy develops outside the womb. This is a serious case as there can be internal bleeding. Signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include continuous severe pain on one side of the abdomen, vaginal bleeding, and pain on the tip of the shoulder, getting unconscious, diarrhoea and vomiting. These symptoms usually appear between the 5 and 14 weeksof pregnancy.
No feeling of pregnancy
In cases when miscarriage is inevitable there is a sudden feeling of change in the body of the woman. For example if the baby dies in the womb, the placenta stops the production of the hormones and she may feel the change of signs and realise that the pregnancy has ended.