It is an exciting and unique phase in the life of a woman, when she comes to know that she is pregnant. There are many physical and emotional changes taking place. It is wise if one prepare’s oneself to face the coming months with ease. Here are a few to do list that will help a woman trimester by trimester.
[ Hindi version ]
First Trimester To-Do List
The first few weeks of pregnancy are troublesome, exciting and exhausting. You should be careful during the first trimester and consult your doctor as soon as you know that you’re pregnant.
- The first step is to consult a doctor as soon as you know that you are pregnant. Discuss all the pros and cons of your pregnancy. Gather information to look after the health of your body and the health of the baby. Start keeping a record of your blood pressure and your weight
- Start taking a daily supplement of folic acid. Folic acid helps to reduce your baby’s risk of developing neural tube birth that defects like spine bifida.
- You need to take medicines very carefully. Some of the painkillers or other medicines can be harmful to the baby. Take minimum medicines on medical advice.
- Give up smoking if because this can be a cause of miscarriage or low birth weight of the baby. Smoking increases the risk of host, and placental problems. It also slows down fetal growth and increase the risk of stillbirth or infant death.
- Avoid or at least cut down on alcohol completely for the first three months. One drink can raise the odds of low birth weight as well as the child’s risk of problems like speech, language, learning, attention span, and hyperactivity.
- Reduce the intake of caffeine. It can be substituted with green tea, cola, chocolate and energy drinks. Caffeine consumption leads to miscarriage. The limit of caffeine intake should be less than 200mg per day.
- Extra calories are not required in the first trimester, but certain foods that contain bacteria need to be avoided. These include UN pasteurized cheese, raw or undercooked eggs, liver and shellfish.
- This is the period of morning sickness. Try and avoid this by eating small meals frequently. Avoid foods that make you feel sick.
- Learn about the danger signs. Cramps in the tummy are normal, but cramps with bleeding must not be ignored.
- Keep yourself comfortable and rest as much as you can
- Continue with regular gentle exercise that will help in coping with the mental and physical demands of the body.
- Buy a maternity bra as it is the time for the breasts to become full and tender.
- Backaches and headaches can be relieved with a body massage.
- Avoid hazardous foods that contain bacteria, parasites, or toxins like undercooked meat, unpasteurized soft cheese, raw eggs, sushi made with raw fish, raw oysters, and other shellfish, fish with high mercury, and raw sprouts.
Second Trimester To-Do List
Normally this is a pleasant time when all feelings of nausea and vomiting have subsided. This is the time to think about maternity leave and the place where the baby would be born.
- Learn about the second trimester appointments with the doctor at different stages to review the development of the baby in the womb.
- Decide about the persons you would like to have around you during the delivery time.
- It is perfectly normal to gain weight in this trimester. Eat a balance of foods to gain weight gradually.
- Relax your body with swimming and yoga stretches.
- Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration. Water helps carry nutrients to the baby and prevents constipation, urinary tract infections and piles which are common in this period.
- Start shopping for a few maternity clothes that fit well in the early stage and buy a few more of another size in the late You probably need different batches of maternity clothes for different stages of your pregnancy.
- Visit a dentist and an eye specialist as certain hormonal changes affect these parts. Clean your teeth during pregnancy due to gum disease and preterm labor.
- Start moisturizing your belly with the lotion that reduces itchiness.
- Start sleeping on your side, especially on your left side, as it improves blood flow to your placenta and reduce swelling. Place a pillow between your legs, behind your back, under your hip.
Third Trimester Pregnancy To-Do List
This is the time to prepare for the arrival of the baby. You need to enjoy collecting clothes and equipment for the baby.
- The baby shows movements in the womb. Be aware of the movements. The movement reduced in the last part of the third trimester. The moments you feel the change in the pattern of movement consult the doctor.
- Learn about the antenatal appointments to prepare for labor and birth, and to know the signs of labor. Check up every two weeks from 28 – 36 weeks. Switch once a week and visit until you deliver.
- Know the signs of danger at this stage like pre-eclampsia is a stage when the placenta stops working, high blood pressure or protein in urine.
- It is better to eat well at this stage for the health and the health of the baby. Increase your iron intake
- Do some stretching exercises to loosen the muscles and prepare you for the childbirth.
- Pack your and baby’s clothes and be ready to be taken to the hospital for delivery anytime. You should wash anything that will go neat your baby’s skin to remove any irritants in the fabrics.
- Study about the three stages of labor. Labor take an average of 15 hours, though it’s not uncommon to last more than 20.
Stages of labor
- The first stage of labor begins when you start having contractions that cause progressive changes in your cervix are fully dilated. It is divided into early labor and active labor. Early labor is that your cervix gradually effaces and dilates (opens). Active labor is that your cervix begins to dilate more rapidly, and contractions are longer, stronger, and closer together.
- The second stage of labor begins when you’re fully dilated and ends with the birth of your baby.
- The third stage begins right after the birth of your baby and ends with the delivery of the placenta.
[ Hindi version ]