Gums have an essential role to play for enhancing our smile. They make our overall appearance beautiful and we all wish to have pink and healthy gums. Slightly darkening of gums tends to make us self-conscious about our face. On the other hand, these patches can be more than just an unpleasing look.
What causes dark gums?
According to scientific research, it is assumed that dark gums is an incessant result of the production of melanin that gets deposited on the surface of your gums and eventually corrodes the natural pink colored gums. Generally, it occurs in people who have field jobs and travel under the sun for most of the day. Higher inclination towards tobacco and illicit drugs might also result in hampering your pink gums than non-tobacco consumers. Those with a slightly dark or dark complexion will naturally inherit dark gums on the surface of teeth while at the bottom, they do have pink gums.
Here are some of the commonly affected patients suffering from various diseases and might be down with dark gums. Take a look:
Patients suffering from this deadly disease have low levels of immunity that cause them to develop several deadly bacteria. They can further foray into gingivitis, periodontitis easily. And henceforth, dark gums are a common sight amongst the HIV Aids patients.
This is quite a regular phenomenon caused by primary adrenal insufficiency. This disease develops due to the deficiency of aldosterone which is produced by adrenal glands. This leads to the elevation of ACT hormone that results into the dark gums problem.
This disease is caused due to the dysfunctioning of intestines in the human body and it can be passed on to generations. This makes it a hereditary or genetically borne disease and the side effects include darkening of gums.
Von recklinghausen disease
In this disease, humans witness dark brown or black spots all over the body and as a result, the gums around teeth are also affected. In turn, the gums become black.
How to avoid dark gums?
You cannotavoid the darkening of gums in case you’re suffering from the aforementioned diseases but listed below are some of the effective remedies to help you fight against this problem that is lowering your confidence. After all, our gums help enhance the beauty of the face by bringing a charming million dollar smile supported by rose pink colored gums. Here’s how you can retain them:
Brush twice daily without fail
If you’re not, chances are your gums will appear dark in a few years down the line and deteriorate your facial beauty in sometime. So, stop being lazy and brush your teeth by following a proper brushing technique without going abrasive or too harsh on your teeth. Gently strokes of brush on all the corners of your mouth at least twice is a must.
Floss and give your teeth a bright toss
Did you know flossing teeth can help you get rid of several teeth related problems and keep your teeth and gum in shape and good health too. You might notice your teeth bleeding in the initial days of flossing but that’s quite natural and a sign that you must floss daily to avoid bleeding and strengthen your teeth and gums.
Avoid carbonated beverages
The consumption of carbonated or aerated beverages is so common these days that people have replaced them with water. Such a disgrace! These drinks contain several carbon related particles that might react with your enamel and corrode them in future thereby making your gums dark and black and rotten.
This is the best thing to do we bet. Tobacco is not only harmful for your body, lungs, mouth and causes deadly dangerous diseases include cancer, but it also leads to dark gums. Quit smoking and breathe fresh.
Cut down on alcohol consumption
Alcohol consists of ethanol which can lead to several kidney and liver damage diseases and regular intake will react with your gums and result in darkening and black gums.
In some cases they indicate an underlying health issues which has to be treated as soon as you detect it. Many a time, poor oral care and bad lifestyle leads to these conditions. There are numerous factors which lead to darkening of gums. Some of them are:
- Lack of oral hygiene
- Imbalanced nutrition
- Production of tartar or plaque
Sometimes, our gums turn grayish because of the accidental implantation of the silver amalgam in our gum tissue while we restore or extract teeth. These patches are spotted by black gums around the crown, filling and dentures, and are called ‘amalgamation tattoos’ by the doctors.
These conditions have to be treated by an oral care specialist. Some of the changes in lifestyle that you’d be asked to make would include:
- Brushing and flossing properly. At least twice a day or thrice.
- Gargling with a mouthwash or gargling with lukewarm water added with salt. To repeat twice a day.
- Quitting smoking or chewing tobacco
- Following a diet which have proper vitamins, minerals and other necessary nutrients
- Adopting method to reduce stress, for instance, yoga and meditation
- Going to the dentist for checkups and cleanups at regularly intervals
There are some more conditions which create darkening of gums, and these have to be treated by a doctor:
- Oral infections
- Dead tissues in gums
- Black gum disease
- HIV / AIDS
- Internal bleeding
- Malignant melanoma
- Ulcerative gingivitis
These conditions are serious and needs prompt care and medication. Your doctor will give you the prescribed list which would include some antibiotics like, clavulanic acid amoxicillin and metronidazole. Finally, if you do not get the darkening lessened with these medications, you might have to get the damaged tissues removed by a periodontist. Many a time, an oxygen therapy is advised for treating black gums.
How to make gums pink?
Getting pinker gums mean that you are promoting improved oral hygiene. There are some regular methods to follow in your daily routine which helps you get and maintain pink gums:
You have to be wise enough to choose proper toothpaste, which is specifically designed to help you improve your gums. You might have to pay some extra bucks but you would get the desired results
Primarily, buy a toothbrush, which has American Dental Association’s seal on the package. This should be followed by some more aspects because:
- You have to buy a toothbrush which can be easily maneuvered through your mouth
- You have to avoid brushes with hard bristled, as they can damage your gums further
- You have to get a soft to medium bristled toothbrush
- You have to make sure that the bristles have rounded tips
- You could even opt for an electric toothbrush as they are better than the regular ones. They have the ‘rotation oscillation’ facility, which makes the bristles move back and forth at a same pack.
Brush before two meals
The conventional practice has taught us to brush after meals, but dentist suggest the opposite. They are concerned with removing the plaque which is formed on every tooth and not on food removal which we seemed to stress more on.
You have to brush two times a day. For optimal care, brush thrice.
Most people try to brush fast, but you need to spare a minimum of 2 minutes for this! Divide your teeth into 4 quadrants and brush every quadrant for 30 seconds. Make sure you hit all the parts of your mouth.
Don’t brush for more than 3 times a days. This can lead to damage of both gums and teeth. Dentist state this as ‘toothbrush abrasion’ and can deteriorate your enamels and make them sensitive. If you have an electric brush, just go with the flow, and don’t exert much pressure. Replace toothbrushes once in 3 months for promoting better hygiene.
There are numerous types of flosses available in the pharmacies. From nylon to monofilament and then from flavorless to mint-flavored, you get it all! Get the one which is comfortable for you as the regular usage is more important than the type chosen.
- Floss once a day, no matter how gross it seems!
- Sometimes flossing gives you improved results which brushing does not.
- Over-brushing can be a problem but over-flossing ever can!
- It doesn’t matter when you floss, as long as you maintain doing it once every day.
- People who newly start flossing tend to make their gums bleed. Don’t discontinue, the condition will soon stop.
Use a mouthwash
Mouthwash is important because this cleanup the entire mouth and not only the teeth. They reduce bad breath and keep your tongue clean. Choose a product sealed by American Dental Association. While buying, make sure that it is formulated for gumhealth, and not over cosmetic for fresher breath. Also, avoid the mouthwashes with alcohol content, as they dry the skin out.
Don’t use a mouthwash immediately after brushing. This could lessen some benefits of brushing teeth. Use it before brushing or 1 hour after brushing.
There are some problems which need professional attention immediately. These conditions would include:
- Swollen/Red gums
- Bleeding beyond normal while flossing
- Loosening of tooth
- Receding gums
- Bad taste while eating or chronic bad breath
Even if you decide to promote oral care at home, you have to keep certain things in mind, like removing plaque buildup, whitening teeth, etc. You might keep a periodical checkup routine with a dentist who would tell you the developed conditions of your oral care. How often you’d meet a doctor would be on your own needs are preference, but having your teeth checked up once a year is necessary. Your dentist would let you know about further checkups.
Natural remedies for pinking gums
Green tea is rich in antioxidants and is known to be the elixir of healthcare. Green tea is known to treat numerous diseases. It helps you reduce darkening of gums, inflammation of gum and also destroys the bacteria which is formulated in our mouth, and is the cause of periodontal issues. Have a cup of green tea every morning to promote stronger teeth.
Sesame oil can also be used to remove toxic substances. They also lessen plaque buildup which in turn reduces the gums from darkening and weakening. Take ¼ cup of sesame oil to swish your mouth well. You could also warm the oil a little for absorbing the toxin content and plaque. This oil also acts like a protective coating to your gums, which prevents the gums and teeth from dental decay and promotes healthier gums.
Aloe vera is famous for its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Take fresh gel from aloe vera plant for brushing your teeth. Simply take the gel and apply on your teeth. After that, take a toothbrush and spread the gel while you brush it all over. This would prevent receding of gums and heal infections, if any.
Coconut oil is antimicrobial in nature. It is another amazing remedy for treating our gums from receding and also the causes behind it. Take virgin coconut oil to swish your mouth after brushing teeth. It acts like a layer of protection again diseases which are caused by bacteria. This also helps you get rid of the food particles which stick in-between two teeth.
emon oil has antiseptic qualities which act like an amazing antibacterial agent. Though, direct application of lemon oil isn’t recommended as it can lead to enamel corrosion. You can prepare lemon oil with added lemon with olive oil and let it blend well for a few weeks. This oil can then be used for swishing your mouth every morning. It’ll kill bacteria and prevent gums from receding. Lemon also promotes formation of tissues which can replace the damaged once.
This is an essential oil which kills germs from mouth and reduces gum diseases and tooth decay. It is anti-inflammatory in nature and reduces swelling of gums too. Take some of the oil and add water to dilute. Massage the content on your gums and repeat daily. Rinse off with water and promote growth of tissues.
Cloves act as an essential ingredient to improve oral care. Clove oil has antiseptic, anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties which stimulates the growth and repairs the damaged tissues. They act as a powerful ingredient to stop the bacterial action with frequent usage. Massage teeth with clove oil every day for improved gums.
Tea tree oil
It can be diluted and then used for swishing of mouth. It prevents gums from receding and root damage. The oil is very strong, and cannot be used with diluting. The tea-tree oil is anti-fungal and microbial which kills the germs and reduces plaques on teeth and between teeth and gums.
These act like a tonic of gums and are wonderful for treating mucus membrane. They can be directly rubbed on the teeth and gums for protecting the gums and promoting a healthier color. You can add these leaves to your tea, which would come in contact with the teeth and do its magic! You could even boil some leaves in water, bring down the temperature and rinse your mouth with it.
It helps to strengthen gums and can be used for rinsing the mouth. To make this you need to add 3 ounces of rose petals and then soak them in red wine vinegar. Let the water steep for a week and then strain it. You could also add 1 tablespoon of rose vinegar to 1 cup of warm water for rinsing your mouth every day.
Myrrh is a type of resin extracted from trees. This is known to stop recession of gums and for keeping them healthier. They are known to prevent conditions on your root, which happen with aging and excess consumption of sweets. It is also known for improve the quality of gums and adding strength to it. The best way to use myrrh is by using it to cleanse the mouth. You get tooth powder which can be more convenient to opt for.
Sumac tree comes with valuable stringent qualities which treat gum conditions and make them look healthier. It is an easy way to stimulate gums and they make the teeth whiter as well. Prevent those visible white teeth from damage and decay by simply obtaining the twigs of the tree. Peel the outer bar of the twigs and then gently use them for rubbing on the inside.
The wild yarrow plants are used for their antiseptic and astringent properties. Both the flowers and leaves are used for this purpose and they are gently rubbed over the teeth and gum zone. It benefits by preventing gum recession and makes you look better.
Using salt for oral hygiene is a quick and easy hack to get whiter teeth and better looking gums. Salt is known to feel gum diseases at bay and make them look healthier. You can also prevent gum pain with the usage of this available home ingredient.
Tips for better oral care
It is important to brush twice a day, once in the morning and once at night, but what is more important is to be sure that you follow the proper technique. You have to hold your brush in 45 degrees near your gum line, and move it back-and-forth and up-and-down motions. Brushing surface of the tongue and roof of the mouth if important for removal of bacteria.
It does take time, but it sometimes works better than brushing, which doesn’t always remove tiny food particles or dirt stuck in the teeth. Flossing once a day should be mandatory for good oral care.
Use a mouth wash
It is important to accompany brushing and flossing with a mouth wash. You have to be sure that the product you buy has Listerine content, which is a chlorine dioxide that kills bacteria from the mouth. This also improves oral health and makes you smell well. Keep a small bottle of mouth wash handy, so that you can carry it wherever you go. It is a good replacement for times you need to, but you cannot brush your teeth.
This decision will not only combat bad breath and bad oral health, but also prevent oral cancer and periodontal complications. It damages your teeth, which usually goes beyond repair.
Reduce alcohol, coffee and soda consumption
These beverages have high phosphorus content. This mineral is good for a healthy mouth only when is it present in a low level, but it can deplete the level of calcium. This in turn affects dental hygiene and promotes tooth and gum decay.
Calcium content is very important for better oral health. It makes your bones stronger and your teeth whiter. If you drink orange juice, consume yogurt, cheese, broccoli, etc. you will not have to take supplements for calcium. Vitamin D is another add on which is require for oral health. If you consume vitamin B, it will protect gums and teeth from breaking and bleeding. Other mineral good for dental hygiene is, copper, zinc, iron, potassium and iodine.
Regular dental checkup
Visiting a dentist twice or thrice a year should be one of your important oral care routine. It is important to be updated about your oral health and listen to what your dentist has to advice for you. Some dentists offer teeth cleansing sessions which they recommend you to undergo once in a month or once in two months. In this process, they use their advanced machines and skills to clear out the deep dirt which we cannot do on our own.
Finally, it is important to make sure that we do not delay or neglect toothache or gum problems. If you have been bleeding frequently while brushing or have regular pain in tooth or gums, it is better to go to a doctor and have a thorough checkup. Many time, you might delay and promote severity of the case, so early detection and promote treatment is advisable.